Hurricane Ivan was a large, long-lived, Cape Verde-type hurricane that caused widespread damage in the Caribbean and United States. The cyclone was the ninth named storm, the sixth hurricane and the fourth major hurricane of the active 2004 Atlantic hurricane season. Ivan formed in early September, reached Category 5 strength on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale, and became the 10th most intense Atlantic hurricane ever recorded.
Ivan caused catastrophic damage to Grenada as a strong Category 3 storm, On September 7, 2004, Hurricane Ivan struck the Caribbean island causing widespread destruction. The financial cost of the disaster was estimated at more than US$900 million, more than twice the country’s GDP. The hurricane damaged more than 80 percent of the country’s building structures, and only two of the 75 public schools remained undamaged.
Severe disruption of the health sector also occurred, including the almost complete destruction of Princess Alice, the island’s second largest hospital. An estimated 80 percent of the power distribution grid was lost, and nearly 70 percent of the tourism infrastructure was rendered uninhabitable. Hurricane Ivan also badly damaged the agricultural sector, with widespread damage to nutmeg crops, the island’s principal agricultural export.
Also There Was heavy damage to Jamaica as a strong Category 4 storm and then Grand Cayman, Cayman Islands and the western tip of Cuba as a Category 5 storm. After peaking in strength, the hurricane moved north-northwest across the Gulf of Mexico to strike Florida and Alabama as a strong Category 3 storm, causing significant damage. Ivan dropped heavy rains on the Southeastern United States as it progressed northeast and east through the eastern United States, becoming an extratropical cyclone. The remnant low from the storm moved into the western subtropical Atlantic and regenerated into a tropical cyclone, which then moved across Florida and the Gulf of Mexico into Louisiana and Texas, causing minimal damage.
Life of Ivan:
Tropical Depression: Sept. 2
Tropical Storm: Sept. 3
Hurricane: Sept. 5, Category 3 strength
Grenada landfall: Sept. 7
Jamaica landfall: Sept. 10
Max strength: Sept. 12, Category 5, 910 mbar
Cuba: Sept. 13
Gulf Shores, Ala.: Sept. 16 around 2 a.m.
Tropical Depression: late Sept. 16
Remnants: Sept. 18
Revived Ivan: Sept. 22
Tropical Depression: Sept. 23, landfall near Cameron, La.
Final dissipation: Sept. 24